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Author Pedersen, L.; Lauritzen, L.; Brasholt, M.; Buhl, T.; Bisgaard, H. url  doi
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  Title Polyunsaturated fatty acid content of mother's milk is associated with childhood body composition Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2012 Publication Pediatric Research Abbreviated Journal Pediatr Res  
  Volume 72 Issue 6 Pages 631-636  
  Keywords *Body Composition; Child; Fatty Acids, Unsaturated/*analysis; Female; Humans; Milk, Human/*chemistry  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: The consumption of polyunsaturated fatty acids has changed, and the prevalence of adiposity has increased over the past 30 y. A decrease of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid content in breast milk has been suggested to be a contributing factor. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) content and n-6/n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid ratio in breast milk, body composition, and timing of adiposity rebound in children. METHODS: In the Copenhagen Prospective Study on Asthma in Childhood birth cohort, breast milk fatty acid profile was determined in 281 mothers and BMI development was prospectively followed up to the age of 7 y in 222 children. Age and BMI at adiposity rebound were registered. Furthermore, fat mass determination by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry was performed in 207 children at 6-9 y of age. RESULTS: There was a significant association between breast milk DHA and BMI from 2 to 7 y, fat mass, and, for the girls, age at adiposity rebound. No associations were found between the breast milk n-6/n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid ratio and body composition. CONCLUSION: Early intake of DHA may have an effect on body composition. Dietary habits of lactating mothers could contribute to the increased prevalence of obesity in Western societies.  
  Address Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood, Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Naestved Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Impact Factor 02,314 First Author Pedersen, L. Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Senior Author Bisgaard, H.  
  ISSN 0031-3998 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:23007033 Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 87  
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