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Author Tyrrell, J.; Richmond, R.C.; Palmer, T.M.; Feenstra, B.; Rangarajan, J.; Metrustry, S.; Cavadino, A.; Paternoster, L.; Armstrong, L.L.; De Silva, N.M.G.; Wood, A.R.; Horikoshi, M.; Geller, F.; Myhre, R.; Bradfield, J.P.; Kreiner-Moller, E.; Huikari, V.; Painter, J.N.; Hottenga, J.-J.; Allard, C.; Berry, D.J.; Bouchard, L.; Das, S.; Evans, D.M.; Hakonarson, H.; Hayes, M.G.; Heikkinen, J.; Hofman, A.; Knight, B.; Lind, P.A.; McCarthy, M.I.; McMahon, G.; Medland, S.E.; Melbye, M.; Morris, A.P.; Nodzenski, M.; Reichetzeder, C.; Ring, S.M.; Sebert, S.; Sengpiel, V.; Sorensen, T.I.A.; Willemsen, G.; de Geus, E.J.C.; Martin, N.G.; Spector, T.D.; Power, C.; Jarvelin, M.-R.; Bisgaard, H.; Grant, S.F.A.; Nohr, E.A.; Jaddoe, V.W.; Jacobsson, B.; Murray, J.C.; Hocher, B.; Hattersley, A.T.; Scholtens, D.M.; Davey Smith, G.; Hivert, M.-F.; Felix, J.F.; Hypponen, E.; Lowe, W.L.J.; Frayling, T.M.; Lawlor, D.A.; Freathy, R.M. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Genetic Evidence for Causal Relationships Between Maternal Obesity-Related Traits and Birth Weight Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2016 Publication JAMA Abbreviated Journal Jama  
  Volume 315 Issue 11 Pages 1129-1140  
  Keywords  
  Abstract IMPORTANCE: Neonates born to overweight or obese women are larger and at higher risk of birth complications. Many maternal obesity-related traits are observationally associated with birth weight, but the causal nature of these associations is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To test for genetic evidence of causal associations of maternal body mass index (BMI) and related traits with birth weight. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Mendelian randomization to test whether maternal BMI and obesity-related traits are potentially causally related to offspring birth weight. Data from 30,487 women in 18 studies were analyzed. Participants were of European ancestry from population- or community-based studies in Europe, North America, or Australia and were part of the Early Growth Genetics Consortium. Live, term, singleton offspring born between 1929 and 2013 were included. EXPOSURES: Genetic scores for BMI, fasting glucose level, type 2 diabetes, systolic blood pressure (SBP), triglyceride level, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level, vitamin D status, and adiponectin level. MAIN OUTCOME AND MEASURE: Offspring birth weight from 18 studies. RESULTS: Among the 30,487 newborns the mean birth weight in the various cohorts ranged from 3325 g to 3679 g. The maternal genetic score for BMI was associated with a 2-g (95% CI, 0 to 3 g) higher offspring birth weight per maternal BMI-raising allele (P = .008). The maternal genetic scores for fasting glucose and SBP were also associated with birth weight with effect sizes of 8 g (95% CI, 6 to 10 g) per glucose-raising allele (P = 7 x 10(-14)) and -4 g (95% CI, -6 to -2 g) per SBP-raising allele (P = 1x10(-5)), respectively. A 1-SD ( approximately 4 points) genetically higher maternal BMI was associated with a 55-g higher offspring birth weight (95% CI, 17 to 93 g). A 1-SD ( approximately 7.2 mg/dL) genetically higher maternal fasting glucose concentration was associated with 114-g higher offspring birth weight (95% CI, 80 to 147 g). However, a 1-SD ( approximately 10 mm Hg) genetically higher maternal SBP was associated with a 208-g lower offspring birth weight (95% CI, -394 to -21 g). For BMI and fasting glucose, genetic associations were consistent with the observational associations, but for systolic blood pressure, the genetic and observational associations were in opposite directions. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: In this mendelian randomization study, genetically elevated maternal BMI and blood glucose levels were potentially causally associated with higher offspring birth weight, whereas genetically elevated maternal SBP was potentially causally related to lower birth weight. If replicated, these findings may have implications for counseling and managing pregnancies to avoid adverse weight-related birth outcomes.  
  Address Institute of Biomedical and Clinical Science, University of Exeter Medical School, Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital, Exeter, United Kingdom5Medical Research Council Integrative Epidemiology Unit at the University of Bristol, United Kingdom  
  Corporate Author Early Growth Genetics (EGG) Consortium Thesis  
  Impact Factor 35,289 First Author Tyrrell, J. Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Senior Author Freathy, R.M.  
  ISSN 0098-7484 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:26978208 Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 310  
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