||The effect of the leukotrienes LTB4, LTC4 and LTD4 on the production of the lymphokine leukocyte migration inhibitory factor (LIF) from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells was tested. LTC4 and LTD4 failed to influence LIF production by cells stimulated by antigen or the polyclonal T cell activator, phytohemagglutinin (PHA). LTB4, at concentrations 10(-7) to 10(-6) M, showed significant inhibition of antigen-induced LIF production but was without effect when cells were stimulated by PHA. The cell levels of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) were unaffected by 2.5 X 10(-7) M LTB4 in the absence or presence of theophylline. These results indicate that LTB4 acts on the early effector stage of the immune response without affecting the cellular cAMP content.