||Paediatric pulmonology (paediatric respiratory medicine) concerns such lung diseases in children as asthma, pneumonia, cystic fibrosis, primary ciliary dyskinesia, chronic interstitial pneumonia, bronchopulmonary dysplasia and congenital abnormalities. This specialty has been approved as an official subsection of the European Confederation of Specialists in Paediatrics (CESP) and acknowledged by the European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS). A training syllabus has been defined and training centres in all EU countries, including Denmark, have been identified and approved by the local paediatric organisations. The training syllabus emphasises routine in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of the diseases, as well as methods such as lung function in all age groups, bronchoscopy, biopsy, and others. This article summarises the status of this specialty, and the training syllabus, and highlights key research questions.