||The aim of this study was to assess the within-observer and between-observer variability of lung function measurements in children aged 2-6 yrs. Two observers examined 22 asthmatic children independently according to a predefined protocol. Each observer obtained duplicate measurements of respiratory resistance by the interrupter technique (Rint), respiratory resistance (Rrs,5) and reactance (Xrs,5) at 5 Hz by the impulse oscillation technique and the specific airway resistance (sRaw) by whole body plethysmography. The within-subject SD (SDw) was not significantly different in the two observers. The ratio SDw between observers/mean SDw within observers was 0.94, 1.25, 1.35 and 2.86 for Xrs,5, Rrs,5, sRaw and Rint, respectively, indicating greater between-observer variability of the latter. The systematic difference between observers assessed by the difference between observer means (expressed as a percentage of their mean value) was 11, 7, 6 and 2% for Xrs,5, sRaw, Rrs,5 and Rint, respectively. These differences were statistically significant, except that for Rint. In conclusion, specific airway resistance, impulse oscillation technique and respiratory resistance assessed by the interrupter technique measurements in young children are subject to influence by the observer, and the random variability between observers appears to be particularly great for respiratory resistance assessed by the interrupter technique. The authors suggest that the between-observer variability should be investigated when evaluating novel methods for testing lung function.