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Author Skov, L.; Halkjaer, L.B.; Agner, T.; Frimodt-Moller, N.; Jarlov, J.O.; Bisgaard, H. url  doi
  Title Neonatal colonization with Staphylococcus aureus is not associated with development of atopic dermatitis Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2009 Publication The British Journal of Dermatology Abbreviated Journal Br J Dermatol  
  Volume 160 Issue 6 Pages 1286-1291  
  Keywords Age Factors; Child, Preschool; Cohort Studies; Denmark/epidemiology; Dermatitis, Atopic/*epidemiology/microbiology; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Male; Pregnancy; Risk Factors; Severity of Illness Index; Staphylococcal Skin Infections/*epidemiology; Staphylococcus aureus/*isolation & purification; Statistics as Topic  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus in atopic skin has been associated with exacerbation of eczema. Objectives To investigate a possible association between neonatal colonization with S. aureus and the risk of atopic dermatitis (AD) during the first 3 years of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study participants were 356 children born of mothers with asthma from the Copenhagen Prospective Study on Asthma in Childhood. Swabs from the vestibulum nasi and the perineum were cultured at 1 month and 1 year, from acute eczema, and from parents (vestibulum nasi and pharynx). AD development and severity were monitored prospectively. RESULTS: Of the neonates, 5.3% had positive swabs for S. aureus cultured from the vestibulum nasi (51.3%) and/or the perineum (11.3%). Forty-two per cent developed AD, but without association between colonization with S. aureus at 1 month of age and risk of developing AD at 3 years of age. There was a 70% concordance for S. aureus carriage between neonates and parents. At 1 year of age 11.3% children had swabs positive for S. aureus. Fourteen per cent of children tested at the 1-year visit developed AD after the visit but before 3 years of age, but again, there was no association between colonization with S. aureus and the risk of AD. In children seen at acute visits the severity of AD measured by scoring of atopic dermatitis (SCORAD) was significantly higher in children with a positive culture for S. aureus in lesions. CONCLUSIONS: Colonization with S. aureus at 1 month of age is not associated with an increased risk of developing AD during the first 3 years of life.  
  Address Department of Dermato-Allergology, Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte, Denmark  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Impact Factor 04,275 First Author Skov, L. Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Senior Author Bisgaard, H.  
  ISSN 0007-0963 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:19239467 Approved no  
  Call Number Serial 137  
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